Paul Valent, Holocaust survivor, psychiatrist (ret.), and traumatologist, founded and was long-term president of the Child Survivors of the Holocaust, Melbourne. He also co-founded and is past President of the Australasian Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. Paul has published numerous papers, book chapters, and encyclopaedia entries. In Heart of Violence; Why People Harm Each Other (2019), his fifth book, he finally confronts his persecutors. In asking them Why? he finds a way to think about and understand violence generally.